ELEMENTS AND DIFFICULTIES THAT INDICATE LATER PROBLEMS IN READING CAN BE DETECTED IN PRE-SCHOOL AND EARLY SCHOOL AGE. THEREFORE IT IS GOOD TO START THERAPY AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.
THE SPECIFIC READING DISORDER (DYSLEXIA), WRITING DISORDER (DYSGRAPHIA) AND ARITHMETIC DISORDER (DYSCALCULIA) ARE DIAGNOSED AT THE END OF THE SECOND GRADE IF PEER DEVIATION IS SIGNIFICANT AND IF THE CHILD DID NOT ACQUIRE READING AND WRITING SKILLS.
Following the adoption of speech, the child begins to show interest in the written word and slowly adopts written speech. Any specific operations, like writing, reading and calculating, have to be built on the child's functional development.
A child at the age of five to seven years old is ready to adopt the written word. He or she connects symbols, objects and phenomena by similarity, and increases his or her interest in letters, the written word and books.
To adopt reading, writing and calculating, a child needs to master some essential pre-reading and pre-writing skills, such as recognizing the connection between a sound and a letter and identifying the first and last letters or voice of words. A child also needs to analyse the word according to letters, syllables and sounds, and understand their interconnection. It is very important to adopt the orientation of your own body, orientation in space and orientation on paper. The child must understand a written message.